Jobs of the Future: Emerging Trends in Artificial Intelligence

The way that human interaction with technology has changed in the course of a few decades is remarkable. In a relatively short period of time we’ve gone from rotary phones to having computers in our pockets at all times. In many ways, advances in technology have made our lives easier—we can now shop online, bank online and verbally ask home devices for help when we forget how to boil an egg.

The impact of new technologies isn’t just on our daily tasks—technology is also affecting the labor market. This is hardly a new phenomenon, as advances in technology have always impacted jobs. The Industrial Revolution (roughly 1760–1840) drastically changed the way people worked when new technologies and factories increased the efficiency of tasks, like weaving cotton, that had previously been done by hand.

Fast forward to now, and artificial intelligence (AI) is poised to be the next technological revolution to change the way we work. AI technology is designed to mimic human thinking by “learning” through recognizing patterns and drawing on past experiences. AI technologies can now identify objects, understand speech, translate languages, recognize faces and analyze sentiments. This broadly expands the range of tasks that machines may be able to accomplish, and they may eventually replace some jobs currently done by humans altogether.

This technology may still be in its early stages, but the demand for AI talent is already growing. Posts for AI-related roles on Indeed almost doubled between June 2015 and June 2018. Meanwhile, job seekers are taking note—during the same time period, the percent of searches on Indeed using “AI” or “machine learning” increased by 182%.

To gain a deeper understanding of these trends, our analytics team identified which jobs are most closely tied to AI, where they are located and what they pay. Here’s what we found.

The top 10 jobs requiring AI skills

First, let’s take a look at the market for AI jobs. Below is a list of the roles that most frequently mention “artificial intelligence” or “machine learning.” We also analyzed how many of these jobs had been open for more than 60 days to get a sense of how difficult they are to fill.

The closest thing to a “pure” AI job is machine learning engineer, followed by data scientist. These two jobs came in at numbers one and two for most frequently mentioning AI or machine learning. Those terms were included in job descriptions for almost 95% of machine learning engineer jobs and about 75% of data scientist jobs.

Computer vision engineers came in at number three, with 64.6% of jobs mentioning AI or machine learning. These engineers automate the tasks performed by the human eye, such as image processing.

More traditional jobs made the list as well, such as statistician—a profession that dates back to the mid 17th century when John Graunt began tabulating births, christenings and deaths by reviewing weekly church publications for local London parishes. So AI is transforming old jobs as well as creating new ones.

In terms of difficulty filling these roles,…

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